Case-based approach to anemia (Proceedings) - Veterinary Healthcare
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Case-based approach to anemia (Proceedings)


CVC IN KANSAS CITY PROCEEDINGS


Formulating a List of Differential Diagnoses

Once the anemia has been classified as blood loss, hemolysis, or decreased production, a list of differentials may be formulated. (see table 1)

Table 1. Some Common Differentials For Anemia

  • Acute Blood Loss
  • Trauma

-Hemoabdomen
-Hemothorax
-Hemoretroperitoneum
-Fracture sites
  • Neoplasia

-Splenic/liver
-Pericardial
-Retroperitoneal
-Other
  • Primary hemostatic defect

-Thrombocytopenia
-Thrombocytopathia
-Von Willebrands
  • Secondary hemostatic defect

-Rodenticide intoxication
-Hemophilia
-DIC
  • Gastrointestinal losses

-Ulcerative diseases
-Neoplasia
-Hemostatic defects
  • Surgical/Iatrogenic losses
  • Hemolysis
  • Immunologic

-Autoimmune (AIHA)
-Secondary IMHA
  • Drugs
  • Neoplasia
  • Blood Parasites
  • Vaccination
  • Infectious disease

-FELV
-Neonatal Isoerythrolysis
-Incompatible Transfusion
  • Non-Immunologic

-Parasitic
-Oxidative toxins (onions)
-Zinc toxicity
-PK/PFK deficiency
-Microangiopathic
  • DIC
  • Caval syndrome
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Organ torsion

-Hypophosphatemia
-Thermal damage
  • Decreased Production
  • Selective Red Cell Hypoplasia
  • Chronic disease
  • Renal disease
  • Red Cell Aplasia
  • FeLV
  • Immune
  • Endocrine
  • Hypothyroid
  • Addison's
  • Generalized Hypoplasia
  • Toxic
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Estrogen
  • Antifungals
  • Chemotherapy
  • Infectious
  • Ehrlichia
  • FeLV/viral
  • Myelopthesis
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Hypercellular bone marrow
  • Iron deficiency
  • 2/folate deficiency
  • Lead toxicity
  • Myelodysplasia
  • Myeloproliferative neoplasia


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Source: CVC IN KANSAS CITY PROCEEDINGS,
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