Devoicing and debeaking are complex veterinary surgical procedures performed on roosters to keep them from making noise and fighting. Dr. Eric Klaphake offers his views on these techniques and how to explain them to clients.
Feline coronaviruses are large enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses. They can be classified into two subtypes, of which Type I is the most prevalent. Type II originated from recombination of Type I FCoV and canine coronavirus and has been used in development of the FIP vaccine.
Decontamination of patients with ingested toxins is achieved by emesis induction or gastric lavage, followed by administration of charcoal (adsorbs toxins enabling their excretion from the GI tract). Cathartics may be added to activated charcoal to hasten elimination.
It is a clinical challenge when veterinarians have to administer therapeutic procedures to pet avian patients. The thoughtful use of therapeutic procedures on a debilitated patient is often correlated to the success or failure of treating a patient.