This article will discuss methods of recognizing and diagnosing clinical liver disease in avian species including clinical signs, laboratory testing, diagnostic imaging, biopsy, histopathology and culture.
Anesthetic death is an unfortunate and unwelcome aspect of veterinary practice. Most, if not all, veterinarians have experienced the loss of a patient perioperatively. Especially unsettling is the death of a bird during the postoperative period when the patient is expected to make a complete recovery.
Before trimming a bird`s wings, make sure the owner understands the procedure. Most important, the owner should know that wing trims are not meant to completely keep birds from flying. I designed this handout for my bird-owning clients, so we can discuss wing trims before they are performed. --Dr. Jeffrey Rhody, Laurel, Md.