Beatrix Nanai, DVM
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Apr 01, 2007
Although brain infarction is the third leading cause of death in humans, cerebrovascular accidents are rarely reported in veterinary literature.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Nov 01, 2006
Canine distemper is a debilitating, persistent infection of the nervous system, caused by an enveloped single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family of Paramixovirid?, Morbillivirus genus.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Aug 01, 2006
The practicing small animal veterinarian often has to face small animals with otitis externa. While not as common, otitis media and interna likely cause neurological signs.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Jul 01, 2006
For some time rhinoscopy alone has been the procedure most often chosen to obtain visual and histopathologic evidence of the disease process(es) occurring in canine patients with persistent nasal signs.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Jun 01, 2006
Two or more seizures without complete recovery of consciousness between seizures, or persistent seizure activity for more than 30 minutes constitute the definition of status epilepticus (SE) in human medicine (Treatment of Convulsive Status Epilepticus. JAMA 1993; 270:854-9).
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Mar 01, 2006
Hypertensive encephalopathy (HyE) is an acute neurological syndrome, which can be characterized by any of the following clinical signs: nausea, vomiting, abnormal vocalization, ataxia, tremors, photophobia, blindness, frequent blinking, head pressing, stupor and/or seizure activity.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Feb 01, 2006
In contemporary veterinary medicine, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important tool in the diagnosis of neurological problems.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Dec 01, 2005
In a recent article [ME Havig et al.: Evaluation of non-surgical treatment of atlantoaxial subluxation in dogs: 19 cases (1992-2001) in JAVMA, Vol. 227, No. 2, July 15, 2005], it was suggested that non-surgical treatment (neck-brace application) of acute atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) carries a good long-term outcome in about 62 percent of the cases. The success rate of surgical treatment was cited as a 61-91 percent in the same paper.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Oct 01, 2005
In Yorkshire Terriers, brainstem involvement has been described.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Sep 01, 2005
Bartonella henselae is a gram-negative bacterium that is most commonly associated with a self-limiting febrile condition in the cat lasting for two to three days. It has been suggested that bartonellosis is an arthropod transmitted disease, and there is an increased prevalence of the disease among flea-infested feral cats, especially kittens. Bartonellosis is a zoonotic disease and immunosuppressed humans such as people with HIV, those undergoing chemotherapy, or children, are particularly at risk. The route of transmission is mainly cat scratch or bite (SJ. Ettinger, EC. Feldman: Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 6th ed. Vol. 1, Pg 702).
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Apr 01, 2005
An owner showed up at a general practice in Florida with a 4-week-old kitten in a box that she had found in a golf cart. She took the kitten home and let her children play with it. Her primary complaint was that the kitten violently bit her and her children. How would you handle this case? At the clinic, the veterinarian did not let her take the kitten out of the box. Instead, he advised her to call animal control immediately. Days later, it turned out that the kitten was positive for rabies. In this case, the veterinarian saved his staff from exposure to rabies.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Mar 01, 2005
Cats with FIP show multifocal or localized neurologic signs, and they are often younger than 2 years of age.
DVM360 MAGAZINE - Jan 01, 2005
Under aerobic conditions, the intermediate product of glycogenolysis, pyruvic acid, follows an aerobic glycolysis pathway and eventually participates in the Citric-acid cycle or "Krebs cycle" that provides substrates (16 H+) for the oxidative phosphorylation. This oxidative phosphorylation provides a large amount of energy for the cells. Under anaerobic conditions, pyruvic acid follows a different route, the anaerobic glycolysis pathway, and the end-product of this complex cascade of reactions results in accumulation of lactate.