BLM receives offer to create wild-horse sanctuary

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Nov 20, 2008
By dvm360.com staff
Reno, Nev. -- Thousands of unadoptable wild horses in U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) holding facilities could be saved from possible euthanasia or slaughter if the agency decides to accept an offer from Madeleine Pickens, wife of Texas billionaire T. Boone Pickens, to create a preserve where the horses could live out their lives.

The eight-member National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board voted 7-1 at a meeting in Reno Nov. 17 to make several range-horse management recommendations to the BLM, including killing or selling "without restriction" about 10,000 unadoptable horses, out of about 30,000 currently in BLM short-term and long-term holding areas. But the recommendation states that euthanasia and selling without restriction (which means such horses could be taken to slaughter) would be the action of last resort.

Mrs. Pickens' offer to establish a sanctuary for all 30,000 horses, along with another offer from an unnamed party to take up to 5,000 horses, were made public at the meeting, attended by about 150. Mrs. Pickens is a Thoroughbred breeder, and she and her husband helped in the fight to close the nation's last horse slaughterhouse.

The bureau is considering the private help, which could face some bureaucratic hurdles, along with other possible actions to contain the mounting cost of keeping the horses, an agency spokesman says.

The advisory board made a total of 18 management recommendations at the meeting, including wider use of fertility control. All are to be posted soon on the Web at www.blm.gov.

The BLM currently spends almost 75 percent of its $37 million annual budget caring for the horses held at nearly 200 facilities in 10 Western states, leaving it short of funds to manage thousands more free-ranging horses in the West.

Horse adoptions have declined in recent years because of higher fuel and feed costs. They dropped from 5,071 in fiscal 2005 to 4,772 in fiscal 2007. To maintain its total wild-horse and burro management program, including removal and holding programs, the BLM says it would need $58 million in 2009, $65 million in 2010, $74 million in 2011 and $77 million in 2012. But help from the private sector and some of the current recommendations might bring down those costs.

If excess free-roaming horses were not removed each year, public rangelands in the West could face an ecological disaster through overpopulation of herds, overgrazing of forage, malnutrition and starvation of horses and burros, damage to native vegetation and wildlife habitat, increased soil erosion and lower water quality, the agency says.