AUSTIN, TEXAS — The Texas Animal Health Commission advised equine owners and DVMs to use best practices for the prevention of Equine Viral
Arteritis (EVA) following an outbreak in nearby states.
Detected in New Mexico and Utah, the viral disease afflicts horses, donkeys and other equine animals and can cause pregnancy
abortion, respiratory disease and chronic infection of stallions.
"EVA is currently not a reportable disease in Texas," says Bob Hillman, DVM and Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) executive
director. "However, we urge veterinarians and horse owners to report suspected and confirmed cases of EVA to TAHC to ensure
we have the most accurate picture of the disease in the state and can provide up-to-date information to veterinarians and
Identified through blood tests, infected equine can experience fever, depression, diarrhea, coughing, nasal discharge, swelling
of the legs and head, or be completely asymptomatic. EVA can be spread through inhalation, impregnation or artificial insemination
with semen from an infected stallion, or exposure to bedding or other contaminated objects.
"We felt we needed to get the best available information out to our equine owners and our equine practitioners. This disease
is a serious disease and should be reported if found," Hillman advises.
Veterinarians can administer an EVA vaccination if the equine has been properly pretested and approved by TAHC. Maintaining
clean and disinfected trailers, stalls and other equipment also can help prevent disease spread.
While regulations have been implemented in Kentucky, New York and Colorado, Hillman does not anticipate Texas will develop
EVA rules because the disease is expected to be controlled through management practices.
"Equine producers and veterinarians believe this disease can be handled through judicious application of best management and
biosecurity practices, coupled with appropriate use of testing and vaccination of breeding animals," Hillman explains.