Bismarck, N.D. — Veterinarians, ranchers and horse breeders packed a state House Agriculture Committee meeting to urge passage of a bill
that would earmark $75,000 for a study to determine the feasibility and legality of building a horse meat-processing plant
in North Dakota.
The nation's last three horse slaughterhouses were shut down in 2007, but the study requested by North Dakota State Rep. Rod
Froelich, a Democrat, and State Sen. Joe Miller, a Republican, would authorize the state's Department of Commerce to spend
up to $75,000 examining building costs of a privately run processing plant, possible markets the plant could sell to and any
potential conflicts with federal regulations.
Among those speaking at the Feb. 6 committee session was Gerald Kitto, DVM, a mixed-animal practitioner for 34 years who operates
Sheridan Animal Hospital in McClusky, N.D., about 65 miles north of Bismarck.
"I've had more requests to euthanize unwanted horses, lame or otherwise, the last couple of years. People just don't have
anyplace to take them," Kitto tells DVM Newsmagazine.
"Those at the meeting were overwhelmingly in support of this bill. There are economic reasons for it. Breeders, for example,
have customers who want to buy a horse but have a lame one to get rid of. It's become a big economic problem. But as a veterinarian,
I look at it from the standpoint of the horse's welfare," Kitto says. "Since people can't take horses to slaughter, there's
more abandonment, more cruelty. I've seen horses that starved to death. And up here in this climate, with two feet of snow
on the ground and extreme cold, it's even worse. No one can tell me it's more humane to prevent them from going to a properly
run slaughter facility. I think veterinarians have seen only the tip of the iceberg so far in dealing with this problem."
During his testimony, Kitto held up a picture of a horse that had starved to death in a field. Even though some advocate humane
euthanasia, Kitto points out that most people have no idea how to euthanize a horse correctly and humanely. "Most don't know
how or where to shoot, so they bring them to me." He told legislators euthanasia and disposal of horses can be quite costly
About 100,000 horses a year were slaughtered in the United States, with meat exported for human consumption in Europe and
Asia, before the last three facilities — two in Texas and one in Illinois — were closed in 2007 through action in those states.
Since then, many horses have been shipped to processing plants in Mexico and Canada.
National legislation to ban horse slaughter for human consumption was introduced in Congress several times in recent years
but stalled each time. The new Congress is expected to take up the issue again this year in legislation that might not only
ban slaughter, but also prohibit shipping horses outside the country for slaughter.
Despite that prospect, the problem is serious enough that Rep. Froelich, whose family owns a horse ranch, feels the state
should at least study the feasibility of building a slaughter plant. Other states, including Montana, are considering similar
legislation, he says.
Even if the new Congress passes legislation to ban slaughter, there are Indian tribes in North Dakota that might decide to
build one outside federal jurisdiction, Kitto says.
Miller says he and Froelich decided to sponsor the bill because many constituents urged them to do so.
Otherwise, "we're going to get to a point where horses will be running around like deer. That's something we need to control,"
Miller told reporters recently.
The two North Dakota legislators say their bill represents one state's solution for the unwanted horse "epidemic" that is