NATIONAL REPORT — Veterinary medicine is more specialized today than it was just a few years ago. Not only are general practitioners offering
significantly more diagnostic, dentistry, imaging and surgery services in-house, they say they are referring more patients
to specialists, too.
More than 80 percent of practitioners report offering more diagnostic services than three years ago, according to respondents
to the DVM Newsmagazine 2006 State of the Profession Survey. More than 65 percent of respondents say they offer more dentistry services; almost
59 percent offer more imaging, and more than 50 percent perform more in-house surgeries.
Table 1 Type of services provided compared to 3 years ago
About one-third offer more nutritional consulting, and about one-quarter have boosted behavioral consulting and non-prescription
But the heightened expertise doesn't appear to be putting a dent into outside referrals. Almost one-third of respondents report
referring five or more cases in an average month, and 57 percent say they are referring more cases.
"We've seen a relatively uniform growth over the last several years; we, as well as many of the specialty practices that I
know, are seeing 10 percent to 20 percent growth (in revenue)," says Darryl Shaw, practice manager of Florida Veterinary Specialists
in Tampa. "In terms of new clients, we're seeing maybe 5- to 15-percent growth."
Shaw credits some of the progress to a growing practice that benefits from increasingly more specialists in the marketplace
due to "the expanding array of internships in private practice."
Last year, about 31 percent of women and 27 percent of men graduating from veterinary schools pursued advanced study, according
to an American Veterinary Medical Association survey. In 2001, less than 24 percent of women and 22.4 percent of men pursued
advanced study after veterinary school.
Table 2 Types of cases typically referred to specialists
A growing, more specialized veterinary workforce translates into a burgeoning market for referral centers. In July, the Massachusetts
Veterinary Referral Hospital, boasting 26,000 square feet, reported it plans to increase its staff 15 percent to 20 percent
during the next three years to accommodate its eventual 44,000-square-foot plan.
Dove Lewis' 23,000 square feet, which also opened in July, represents the fourth large referral center in Portland, Ore. But
there is plenty of business to go around, says Dr. Robert Mack, Dipl. ACVIM, a principal with Northwest Veterinary Specialists,
which has served the Portland area for about seven years.
"Competition is certainly growing because 15 years ago, the vast majority of specialists were in academia, and there has been
a tremendous boom in the number of specialty practices that have arisen in the last 10 years," Mack says. "In Portland alone,
we have seen it go from two internists in the city when I first was here to six or seven and 10 to 12 board certified surgeons,
but all of them are staying relatively busy, so even though there is more competition, as the city grows and awareness grows,
I don't think any one has suffered from it. But I do suppose that there will be some sort of ceiling where specialists continue
to become a higher and higher percent of the total number of veterinarians, then that might affect things, but we haven't
seen that yet."