I have written here in the past that initial puppy and kitten visits are among the most important for avoiding allegations
of professional impropriety and malpractice.
One of the reasons this is true is that a failure to identify a current or ongoing medical problem at the earliest possible
time can result in some other practitioner identifying it after the client has invested a great deal of time plus financial
and emotional capital in their pet.
Now there are new and developing reasons for us to be especially careful during these initial examinations.
In an increasing number of jurisdictions, state legislatures have been drafting, discussing and passing laws which amount
to a "warranty" on newly acquired dogs and cats. This type of legislation operates similarly to state-mandated guarantees
of workmanship quality in newly-constructed homes. Collectively, folks frequently refer to this type of government protection
for new pet owners as "pet lemon laws."
In response to the widespread media attention focused recently on "puppy mills" and unscrupulous puppy and kitten breeders
around the country, state lawmakers have acknowledged that members of the public frequently are "duped" into purchasing an
animal that is genetically predisposed to serious health problems (for example, demonstrating severe patellar luxation) or
is unfit for sale due to serious respiratory or gastrointestinal disease.
It is incumbent upon practicing veterinarians to become familiar with their local "pet lemon" legislation (or the lack of
We have the affirmative obligation, of course, to provide full information and disclosure to our clients concerning the health
of their pets. But beyond that, it is important to our own self interest that we identify potential problems with newly acquired
pet animals and that we be knowledgeable about the owners' available legal redress.
We owe it to ourselves to be aware of any and all potential sources of payment to cover the services we may render to a "lemon"
dog or cat.
There are a number of fundamental issues to be considered as we each study the pet lemon laws which prevail in our locales.
There also are a number of practical realities to be faced in evaluating the impact these laws may or may not have in a clinical
Pet lemon laws tend to be designed to provide minimal and short-duration economic relief to new pet purchasers. (But note
that they may not offer any recourse for individuals who acquire a new pet for free.) In instances where owner relief is provided,
there generally is a legal requirement that the new owner have the kitten or puppy examined by a veterinarian within a limited
period — usually seven days to a month — in order to establish whether there is a health problem.
Who is covered?
Some states provide lemon law protection only for dogs and/or cats purchased from "breeders" or "dealers." Whether the coverage
includes any specific, individual sales transaction may depend on a number of questions, including whether the seller has
Another criterion may be the number of sales transactions a given "breeder" engages in per year. In many instances, when
a lawsuit to recover money is instituted, the burden of proof to demonstrate the application of the lemon law is the responsibility
of the purchaser, not the defendant breeder or dealer.