NATIONAL REPORT — Career planning can be customized, and there's a lot of variability in executing your career plans while in veterinary
school. In fact, sometimes it may be beneficial if students start veterinary school unsure of their future career goals.
"We are comfortable with students beginning their studies in veterinary medicine undecided about what career path they will
choose—small animal, food production medicine, research, public health, equine, etc.," says Mary Kelm, assistant dean for
student affairs at the University of Illinois' College of Veterinary Medicine. "There are tons of opportunities during their
four years of to really find their niche."
"There's not a 'defined moment' when students should begin their career plans," adds Kelley Madden, assistant director, career
center liaison for the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences of Colorado State University, spends time working
closely with veterinary students – both undergraduate and graduate.
"Instead, we suggest that students explore options by doing externships, volunteering, getting as involved as they can that
first year. Then, by the junior and senior years hopefully they'll narrow down choices."
Once students have settled on a decision suited to their desires and skill sets, the next step is to often begin networking
with other professionals, according to Kelm. If you plan to seek employment in a zoo or exotic pet area, pursue experience
working with people in these types of jobs.
By the middle or end of the student's third year, UI students are encouraged to begin developing a good resume/curriculum
vitae and cover letter. During the fourth year, students will be prepared to actively seek employment.
"Some students come to veterinary school just knowing what they want to do. They network in their first year of school and
use summers and school breaks to pursue externship opportunities that set them up for that first professional appointment."
Sometimes, veterinary schools have specific classes tailored to career preparation. Such is the case at Colorado State University
(CSU), which offers a class on business management — a career-oriented practice management course. "This class solely focuses
on what to expect when you leave school and have your own business. We review how to write resumés and cover letters, and
how to prepare for an interview," Madden says.
Another option is to meet one-on-one with a career counselor or faculty member. "Many times counselors, advisers and faculty,
are in touch with veterinary employers to get a sense of what they're looking for in graduates," Madden explains.
"The student who overlooks the opportunities that exist to network with veterinarians during their time in veterinary school
really are missing a helpful tool for career planning," Kelm adds.
Kelm says she's found that most students think all they need is to do well in school and then jobs will be available to them.
"Personal issues play a huge role in making the final career decisions. For example, even though a student may have wanted
to work with horses exclusively from the time they were little children, they may have an educational debt that will produce
a $2,000 monthly payment," she says.
Since equine veterinarians can be the least well paid at the start of their career, it's important, according to Kelm, to
factor in lifestyle issues before planning a career in food production medicine, for example. In this case, ask yourself tough
questions: Are you willing to get up in the middle of the night to go on a farm call? Are you willing to be outdoors almost
every day no matter the weather?
"For every career plan, there are extenuating or mitigating issues that may make a student have to think more carefully about
what particular area of veterinary medicine is going to be most successful for them," Kelm says.
Madden adds to the list of overlooked items the myth that career plans take little time.
"It takes longer than a couple months to chart out your career," she says. "Occasionally we will have students come to see
us in the second semester of their fourth year, sharing that they don't have experience. They're at a loss compared with their
peers who have been networking and doing externships for years."