Four years in veterinary school are drawing to a close. After a half-dozen interviews, you've landed your first job, perhaps
as one of several associates to a DVM who runs a busy animal clinic.
Until now, you've settled into a way of campus life that is routine, predicable and comfortable. You reason that you will
adapt as well to a routine where you'll work with others in the real world of veterinary practice. It can't be that difficult,
Apparently, it can.
Latest figures from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics show voluntary employee turnover during 2004 reached more than 20
percent. One in every five workers quit during that year.
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It's a statistic that holds true in the veterinary medicine, says Dr. Charles Neer, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVPM, who teaches classes
in professional development in the Department of Preventive Medicine at The Ohio State University (OSU) College of Veterinary
"Many students will make a change, move to another practice, within their first year. Or at least that's the way it has been
for a while now," he says.
Behind the high turnover is culture shock — the emotional jolt often experienced when transitioning to a new lifestyle and
Adjusting to new environments
Lalervo Oberg, an anthropologist with the United States Operations Mission to Brazil, defines culture shock (in a Worldwide
Classroom online editorial) as "a malady, which afflicts most of us to some degree. When an individual enters a strange culture,
all or most of his familiar cues are removed. He or she is like a fish out of water. No matter how broad-minded or full of
good will he may be, a series of props have been knocked out from under him."
Oberg speaks of culture shock as it applies to international relocation, but the principle's the same for graduating veterinary
students entering the business world, experts say.
"Students find there's a big difference, a bridge to cross, from the classroom experience to actual practice," Neer says.
"Some are affected more than others. Those who have had some limited exposure (during college) to business or to an office
environment do better than those who have not."
Covering all bases
Dr. James Lloyd, DVM, PhD, who teaches a class on career development and practice management at Michigan State University's
College of Veterinary Medicine, agrees.
He and Neer, however, have developed ways to help students make a smooth transition to the working world.
"We encourage our students to do more than just off-site interviews or very short on-site interviews. We want them to spend
at least a full day — a typical, busy full day — interviewing on site at a practice," Lloyd says.
He explains that a student's "cultural fit" to a practice environment is just as important, if not more so, than issues such
as salary, working hours and benefits.
"We encourage students to listen to their hearts, not just facts and figures," he says.
Lloyd's class works to prepare students entering practice by having them make out a checklist, covering questions: What are
the working hours? Will I be comfortable with that schedule? Will I be flexible enough to change hours if necessary? What
procedures will I be allowed to perform? What are the practice's policies on various issues such as euthanasia? Am I comfortable
At OSU, Neer teaches what he calls "non-technical competencies." He says they include life skills, communication, leadership,
writing resumes and a workshop on interviewing techniques. "These are now part of our core curriculum for veterinary students,"
Neer says. Each is worth one hour of credit per quarter.