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Flea-associated illnesses in cats
Learn how to recognize, test for, treat, and prevent Bartonella and Mycoplasma species infections in cats.

DVM Best Practices

20. Regnery RL, Anderson BE, Clarridge JE III, et al. Characterization of a novel Rochalimaea species, R. henselae sp. nov., isolated from blood of a febrile, human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient. J Clin Microbiol 1992;30:265-274.

21. Breitschwerdt EB, Kordick DL. Bartonella infection in animals: carriership, reservoir potential, pathogenicity, and zoonotic potential for human infection. Clin Microbiol Rev 2000;13:428-438.

22. Kordick DL, Hilyard EJ, Hadfield TL, et al. Bartonella clarridgeiae, a newly recognized zoonotic pathogen causing inoculation papules, fever, and lymphadenopathy (cat scratch disease). J Clin Microbiol 1997;35:1813-1818.

23. Jameson P, Greene C, Regnery R, et al. Prevalence of Bartonella henselae antibodies in pet cats throughout regions of North America. J Infect Dis 1995;172:1145-1149.

24. Lappin MR, Black JC. Bartonella spp. infection as a possible cause of uveitis in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1999;214;1205-1207.

25. Lappin MR, Kordick DL, Breitschwerdt EB. Bartonella spp. antibodies and DNA in aqueous humor of cats. J Feline Med Surg 2000;2:61-68.

26. Ketring KL, Zuckerman EE, Hardy WD. Bartonella: a new etiological agent of feline ocular disease. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2004;40:6-12.

27. Fontenelle JP, Hill A, Powell CC, Lappin MR. The association of Bartonella henselae antibodies and uveitis in cats, in Proceedings. ACVIM Forum 2005.

28. Powell CC, Kordick DL, Lappin MR. Inoculation with Bartonella henselae followed by feline herpesvirus 1 fails to activate ocular toxoplasmosis in chronically infected cats. J Feline Med Surg 2002;4:107-110.

29. Kaplan JE, Masur H, Holmes KK; USPHS; Infectious Disease Society of America. Guidelines for preventing opportunistic infections among HIV-infected persons—2002. MMWR Recomm Rep 2002;51(RR-8);1-46.

30. Neimark H, Johansson KE, Rikihisa Y, et al. Proposal to transfer some members of the genera Haemobartonella and Eperythrozoon to the genus Mycoplasma with descriptions of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis,' 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemomuris,' 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemosuis,' and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma wenyonii.' Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001;51:891-899.

31. Foley JE, Pedersen NC. 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum,' a low-virulence epierythrocytic parasite of cats. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001;51:815-817.

32. Tasker S, Helps CR, Belford CJ, et al. 16S rDNA comparison demonstrates near identity between an United Kingdom Haemobartonella felis strain and the American California strain. Vet Microbiol 2001;81:73-78.

33. Willi B, Boretti FS, Lutz H, et al. Importance of hemotrophic Mycoplasma spp. in Swiss cats and detection of a new Mycoplasma-like agent in a clinically ill cat. ACVIM Forum, June, 2004.

34. Foley JE, Harrus S, Poland A, et al. Molecular, clinical, and pathologic comparison of two distinct strains of Haemobartonella felis in domestic cats. Am J Vet Res 1998;59;1581-1588.


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