In South Dakota, state Sen. Frank Kloucek (D), introduced S.B. 170, which would have allowed up to $1 million in state loans
to build a processing plant. The bill died in committee, but only for procedural reasons; members who voted against it said
they are not opposed to horse slaughter, so the measure could resurface after some retooling. "I'm getting mail 2-to-1 or
3-to-1 in favor of it, said Kloucek, adding that "it's appalling we don't have horse harvesting in the United States."
In Montana, H.B. 418, sponsored by Rep. Ed Butcher (R), not only would allow private slaughterhouses in the state but also
would prohibit state courts from delaying construction once a plant is licensed by the state. The measure cleared the agriculture
committee and was sent to the House floor.
Minnesota's S. 133 asks Congress to oppose any federal legislation that interferes with a state's ability to process horses,
and a bill in Missouri is worded similarly.
Other states considering legislation that in one way or another supports horse slaughter and/or the building of processing
plants include Arkansas, Arizona, Tennessee, Utah, Wyoming and Kansas.
On the other hand, New York Assembly Bill 3736 and New Jersey Assembly Bill 551 would specifically prohibit horse slaughter
and the sale of horse meat for human consumption in those states.
While there's no such legislative activity in his state, semi-retired veterinarian Richard Kimball, of Burns, Ore., says there's
a critical need in his area for some means of handing the growing numbers of abandoned horses he and ranchers see roaming
Oregon's southeast corner near the Nevada border. "Everybody's got two or three times the number of horses they had; when
they could sell some at $400 or $500 a head, it wasn't too big a deal, but now there's no market at all," Kimball tells DVM Newsmagazine.
He said he, along with some colleagues and ranch owners, have been talking to leaders of the Paiute Indian nation to encourage
them to consider a horse-processing plant on tribal lands, which would be exempt from any state or federal regulation. "Another
benefit would be to provide some employment for people; we have a 24 percent jobless rate in this region," Kimball says.
Among the strongest advocates for horse slaughter is Rep. Sue Wallis of Wyoming, who along with Rep. Dave Sigdestad of South
Dakota co-sponsored a Horse Industry policy resolution that was adopted last December in Atlanta at a meeting of the National
Council of State Legislatures (NCSL). Essentially the resolution urges Congress to oppose legislation that would restrict
the market, transport, processing and export of horses, to recognize the need for humane horse-processing facilities and not
to interfere with state efforts to develop such facilities.
"We received an absolute flood of support from literally every crook and cranny of this nation, and from all walks of life,"
Wallis said, adding that the resolution allows the NCSL staff to lobby Congress.
And lobby is just what Wallis is doing, sending a strongly worded letter to Congress March 16 opposing the Conyers-Burton
The new House bill is similar to the one that passed the House Judiciary Committee last September but failed to reach a final
vote before Congress adjourned. Sponsors say they intend to expedite the legislation in the 2009 Congress and anticipate passage.
The current bill would amend the federal criminal code to impose a fine and/or prison term of up to three years for possessing,
shipping, transporting, purchasing, selling, delivering or receiving any horse, horse flesh or carcass with the intent that
it be used for human consumption. It would reduce the prison term to one year if the offense involves less than five horses
or less than 2,000 pounds of horse flesh or carcass and the offender has no prior conviction for the same offense.
The bill has plenty of backers, including a group called Veterinarians for Equine Welfare, plus the HSUS, the Animal Welfare
Institute (AWI), equine rescue organizations and other animal-welfare and rights groups.
"There are naysayers who claim we should reopen the U.S. plants rather than seek to ban all horse slaughter," said Chris Heyde,
AWI deputy director of government and legal affairs, in an AWI news release. "Clearly, they've already forgotten how awful
the plants here were."
AWI is lobbying legislators in all the states considering horse-slaughter plants to reject them, and on behalf of the U.S.
House bill. A South Dakota legislator said AWI lobbyists "seemed to have gotten our cell-phone numbersomehow."