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Transoperative pain management: A framework
To make your pain control measures top-notch, construct a scaffold of appropriate pain medications



The construction of a comprehensive, multimodal approach to surgical patients is within the reach of any clinical practice. The fundamental elements generally include, insofar as possible, anxiolytics, opioids, local blocks and NSAIDs, with additional modalities used at the clinican's discretion. Pain management systems so constructed would likely find themselves in the top tier of veterinary practices.

Dr. Epstein is president of the International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management and medical director at the Total Bond Animal Hospital in Gastonia, N.C.


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Source: DVM360 MAGAZINE,
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