DVMs assist program that provides service dogs for combat veterans
A Princeton, Mass., organization called National Education for Assistance Dog Services (NEADS), which has trained and provided service dogs for the deaf and disabled for 30 years, launched the new program, "Canines for Combat Veterans," last fall, working with Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C., to interview wounded veterans and select appropriate candidates.
Three Massachusetts DVMs are on NEADS' 15-member board of directors and regularly donate time and services to the cause. They are Ira Kaplan, a practitioner in Billerica, Mass.; his wife, Anita Migday, a DVM in Framingham, Mass; and Dennis Ovitsky of West Boyleton, Mass., a semi-retired practitioner who works as a relief DVM in area animal hospitals and serves as NEADS' veterinary liaison.Another key DVM player is Dr. Michael McTigue, of Gardner, Mass., who donates his services once a month, providing immunizations and other medical care for puppies selected to begin training as service dogs for combat veterans.
The Wisconsin soldier, Spec. Raymond Hubbard, is only the second veteran so far to receive a "walker/balance" dog – one that is trained to provide balance while the veteran is ambulatory and walking with a prosthetic, going up and down stairs and rising from a sitting or fallen position; and to act as a service dog when the veteran takes off the prosthetic and returns to a wheelchair, perhaps by picking up dropped objects, retrieving items from a distance, pulling a wheelchair a short distance, even turning lights on and off.
The first combat veteran to receive a canine assistant under the new program was Army Staff Sgt. Roland Paquette, 27, of Rio Rando, N.M., whose legs were amputated above the knee after an explosion in Afghanistan. After a two-week break-in period, he graduated with his dog last fall.
Ovitsky, who has worked with the NEADS group since 1992, says many more combat vets soon will be partnered with dogs to help them return to civilian life; the dogs become lifelong companions and helpers. "There are nearly 23,000 injured and disabled war veterans out there right now and the number is growing, so this program fills a critical need," Ovitsky says.
He explains that veterans are selected based on their medical need, and "must demonstrate a certain level of independence. That is, they must be able to take care of a dog."
Most of the dogs trained for veterans are larger breeds, Golden or Labrador Retrievers, purchased or donated from breeders nationwide, although some are rescued from animal shelters.
It takes about 18 months for a dog to become fully competent to assist veterans, Ovitsky says.
Some puppies are placed in "foster homes" for at least the first year of their training, while others are trained by volunteer inmates at prisons in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. "The inmates are able to give the dog daily attention, and that really speeds up the process. It's working very well, and the inmates enjoy it. Most express appreciation for being able to make a positive impact on these veterans' lives," Ovitsky says.