Pet fish are one of the most numerous companion animals in U.S. households, yet few fish owners consult veterinarians about fish disease partly because historically veterinarians have declined to offer them assistance. Yet all veterinarians are trained in pathology, diagnostics, animal husbandry, and pharmacology, so who better to apply the principles of these disciplines to pet fish.
Avian medicine in the United States and abroad tends to be more focused on crisis and intervention than on preventive care and wellness. Therefore, in this article I discuss some of the basic considerations of emergency medical care in pet birds.
Because evidence points to surgical neutering as an important risk factor for hyperadrenocorticism in ferrets, we reviewed the literature to find current and possible future alternatives to surgically neutering ferrets.