Treating feline elimination disorders
Last month, I discussed how to identify which factors might be contributing to a cat's elimination problem, whether behavioral or medical. If the problem is behavioral, there are several options you can choose to help stop the frustrating behavior.
For purely behavioral elimination and litter box issues, a few key instructions will usually resolve the situation or provide more data about issues to be addressed. If friction between cats in a household is a possibility, the client should identify potential stressors or conflicts (e.g., intercat aggression) and redress them. Intercat aggression is a serious concern if a cat
If anxiety or aggression is involved in any aspect of the litter box issue, a benzodiazepine, tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) may be a useful treatment for an anxious or aggressive cat. Benzodiazepines are helpful primarily in behavior modification programs involving food reward (i.e., teaching cats to tolerate each other). TCAs and SSRIs can be extremely useful in helping to overcome aversions and address anxiety involved in marking behaviors and intercat aggression.
Specific therapies could include: