Veterinarians should alert clients to the top 5 toxins in companion birds
> Lead-based paint
> Foil wrap on some champagne and wine bottles
> Curtain weights
> Bells with lead clappers
> Imported bird toys
> Stained glass.
> Weight loss
> Vomiting or regurgitation
> Polyuria and polydipsia
Clinical pathology findings
> Hypochromic regenerative anemia
> Cytoplasmic vacuolization of RBCs
> Increases in hepatic enzymes (lactate dehydrogenase [LDH], aspartate transaminase [AST]), muscle enzymes (creatine phosphokinase [CPK]) and uric acid (indicator of renal function).
> Clinical signs
> Clinical pathology
> Blood lead concentration
> Evidence of radiopaque material in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
> Remove lead object via crop lavage, cathartics or endoscopy.
> Perform chelation therapy with succimer or calcium EDTA.
Public health considerations
Pets have long served as sentinels for lead poisoning in people, especially children. If a bird or any pet in the home is diagnosed with lead poisoning, always recommend that people in the home—especially the children—be tested too.