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Veterinary education forced to change strategies

As state budgets are slashed and endowments drop, DVM schools seek ways to adjust
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Apr 01, 2009

National Report — Federal stimulus funding isn't going to bail out veterinary education. Instead, universities will be forced to make operational changes to cope with slashed budgets.


Balancing act: Veterinary colleges are working to keep their programs intact while coping with diminishing contributions from their states.
Most veterinary colleges still don't know what kind of decrease they are looking at in state funding for next year, because most states are staring at millions of dollars in red ink and still don't know themselves where to make the cuts. But chances are all veterinary schools will face a funding decrease.

Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell says 45 states are predicting shortfalls for next year, and the five states in the black don't house any veterinary schools.

For Pennsylvania, home to the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, a predicted $2.3 billion state deficit could mean a 10 percent, $4 million cut to the school's funding if the proposed state budget is adopted in its present form.

In all, the state is reducing funding to 346 programs and eliminating 101. Those that will have funding cuts, like higher-education programs, will all see about the same decrease of 10 percent, says Rendell's spokesman Chuck Ardo.

"They did try to be fair and reduce programs by an equal amount," Ardo says.

Penn Vet is still hoping to renegotiate the cuts, says Dean Joan Hendricks. The school depends on state funding for about 35 percent of its revenues, according to University President Amy Gutmann.

"Although we appreciate that the governor has had to make some very tough budgetary choices for the commonwealth as a result of the recession, the proposed FY10 budget will be particularly challenging for our School of Veterinary Medicine, which is the only vet school in Pennsylvania," Hendricks says.

"The state funds that Penn Vet receives are essential to educate the commonwealth's next generation of veterinarians."

School leaders say a full class will be admitted to the veterinary school this year and that tuition will stay in line with previous years.

But Penn Vet isn't alone.

Diminishing support from state budgets could creating an overall new climate for veterinary education.

"I'll bet that there will be more collaboration among veterinary schools so that experts on different educational topics will be able to share through distance education," says Dr. Jim Thompson, dean of the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine.

Tennessee is facing a $1 billion state deficit this year, as it did last year. State finance department spokeswoman Lola Potter says $771 million from the federal stimulus and recovery package should restore Tennessee's higher-education bodies to 2008 funding levels, but Thompson says he's not holding his breath. The school is moving forward on a 13.6 percent funding-cut calculation and plans to save whatever share it gets of the stimulus money for infrastructure needs.

"The stimulus money may help your glide path a bit, but we're all gliding downward. You can't rely on this as a golden parachute," Thompson says, adding that a return to past levels of funding is not realistic.

"It will be real hard to get it back. We've got a national shortage of veterinarians right now and I think America is in a vulnerable position. Should we have a severe disease outbreak, we would not have enough vets to curtail it quickly," Thompson says. "I think the government needs to recognize this. We're committed to helping as much as we can, but at some point the nation is going to have to turn to veterinary medicine and acknowledge that it needs help."

Veterinarian shortages are starting to be addressed at the national level, through Senate hearings and state loan reimbursement programs for veterinarians who work in underserved areas, but Marguerite Pappaioanou, executive director of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, testified in February before the Senate that changes need to be made to education systems and salary offerings for the shortage to be properly addressed.